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Fincher, Forensics, Files, Final Cut

I recently spoke with Kirk Baxter and Angus Wall, who as a team have cut Fincher''s last three films, earning a best editing Academy Award for The Social Network and a nomination for The Curious Case of Benjamin Button. I was curious about tackling a film that had already been done a couple of years before. Kirk Baxter replied, “We were really reacting to David''s material above all, so the fact that there was another film about the same book didn''t really affect me. I hadn''t seen the film before, and I purposely waited until we were about halfway through the fine cut before I sat down and watched the [other] film. Then it was interesting to see how they had approached certain story elements, but only as a curiosity.”

As in the past, both Wall and Baxter split up editorial duties based on the workload at any given time. Baxter started cutting at the beginning of production, with Wall joining the project in April of this year. Baxter explains, “I was cutting during the production to keep up with camera, but sometimes priorities would shift. For example, if an actor had to leave the country or a set needed to be struck, David would need to see a cut quickly to be sure that he had the coverage he needed. So in these cases, we''d jump on those scenes to make sure he knew they were OK.”

Wall continues, “This was a very labor-intensive film. David shot 95 percent to 98 percent of everything with two cameras. On The Social Network, they recorded 324 hours of footage and selected 281 hours for the edit. On Dragon Tattoo, that count went up to 483 hours recorded and 443 hours selected!”

The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo has many invisible effects. According to Wall, “At last count there were over 1,000 visual effects shots throughout the film. Most of these are shot stabilizations or visual enhancements, such as adding matte painting elements or lens flares, or re-creating split-screens from the offline. Snow and other seasonal elements were added to a number of shots, helping the overall tone as well as reinforcing the chronology of the film. I think viewers will be hard-pressed to tell which shots are real and which are enhanced.”

Baxter adds, “In a lot of cases the exterior locations were shot in Sweden and elaborate interior sets were built on soundstages in L.A. There''s one sequence that takes place in a cabin. All of the exteriors seen through the windows and doors are greenscreen shots. And those were bright green! I''ve been seeing the composited shots come back and it''s amazing how perfect they are. The door is opened and there''s a bright exterior there now.”


On the Musical Trail

The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo leans heavily on a score by Trent Reznor and Atticus Ross. An early peek came from a teaser cut for the film by Kirk Baxter to a driving Reznor cover of Led Zeppelin''s “Immigrant Song.” Unlike the typical editor/composer interaction—where library temp tracks are used for the edit and then a new score is done at the end of the line—Reznor and Ross were feeding tracks to the editors during the edit.

Baxter explains, “At first, Trent and Atticus score to the story rather than to specific scenes. The main difference with their approach to scoring a picture is that they first provide us with a library of original score, removing the need for needle drops. It''s then a collaborative process of finding homes for the tracks. Ren Klyce [sound designer/re-recording mixer] plays an integral part in this.”

Wall adds, “David initially reviewed the tracks and made suggestions as to which scenes they might work best in. We started with these suggestions and refined placement as the edit evolved. The huge benefit of working this way was that we had a very refined temp score very early in the process.”

Baxter concludes, “Trent and Atticus'' second phase is scoring to picture. They re-sculpt their existing tracks to perfectly fit picture and the needs of the movie. Trent''s got a great work ethic. He''s very precise and a real perfectionist.”

The Cutting Experience

I definitely enjoyed the Oscar-winning treatment these two editors applied to intercutting dialogue scenes in The Social Network, but Baxter was quick to interject, “I''d have to say Dragon Tattoo was more complicated than The Social Network. It was a more complex narrative, so there were more opportunities to play with scene order. In the first act, you are following the two main characters on separate paths. We played with how their scenes were intercut so that their stories were as interconnected as possible, giving promise to the audience of their inevitable union.”

“The first assembly was about three hours long. That hovered at around 2:50 for a while and got a bit longer as additional material was shot, and then shorter again as we trimmed. Eventually some scenes were lost to bring the locked cut in at two and a half hours. Even though scenes were lost, those still have to be fine cut. You don''t know what can be lost unless you finish everything out and consider the film in its full form. A lot of work was put into the back half of the film to speed it up. Most of those changes were a matter of tightening the pace by losing the lead-in and lead-outs of scenes and often losing some detail within the scenes.”

Wall continues, “It was a challenging film to cut. Not only was it very labor-intensive, with many disturbing scenes to put together, it was also a tricky storytelling exercise. But when you''re done and it''s all put together, it''s very rewarding to see. The teaser calls it the ‘feel-bad film of Christmas,'' but it''s a really engaging story about these characters'' human experience. We hope audiences will find it entertaining.”